An obstacle you might come across in ranch trail is ground tying. Cody Crow goes over what a +1 score looks like for this manuever, and then goes over what you're expected to do with your reins when you ride in romal reins or split reins.
In ranch trail you might come across different sets of lopeover logs that are set at different distances. Cody Crow shows you how you can lengthen and shorten your horse's stride to get over different log obstacles at the lope.
Once your horse knows the basics of loping over a log obstacle, you can start asking him to stay round over the logs and driving with his hind end. Cody Crow shows you how he schools this obstacle at home.
A turnaround in ranch riding or ranch trail is going to be different from a reining spin. Cody Crow shows you the difference between a 0 turnaround and a +1 turnaround. Then talks about the different ways you can school your turnaround at home to improve your score in the show pen.